The nursing theory of human relations of H.E. Peplau and its value for nursing practice in psychiatry.

Housework 2003 16 pages.Excerpt.Content material.1 Introduction for the topic 1.1 Historical background 1.two Science Theoretical background.2 metaparadigms care 2.1 people and society two.2 Overall health and disease 2.three care.3 Crucial Ideas 3.1 Psychodynamische Care 3.two The connection between patient and caregiver 3.3 rollers of the nurses.four Theory and Practice four.1 concerning care and maintenance procedure four.2 Methods for case management.5 Important appraisal and summary.1 Introduction for the subject.1.1 Historical background.

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The 1909 born in Pensylvania, USA Hildegard E. Peplau her education as a nurse and then worked inside the surgical service till 1936 head with the health service at Bennington College and also started « Interpersonal Psychology » what they 1943 graduated using a Bachelor of Arts. Right after operating as a lieutenant with the US Army Corps care in England she studied at Teachers College, Columbia University, and received his the « Master of Arts » in psychiatric nursing. Furthermore to her doctorate in Educational Medical doctor, she worked in each the clinical and outpatient area as a psychiatric nurse. In 1954 she went to the University of New Jersey, exactly where she taught till psychiatric her retirement in 1974 care. Hildegard E. Peplau has also worked in several organizations and institutions, such as the Globe Health Organization plus the American Nursing Association. She has received numerous awards for their services and received four honorary doctorates.

Her book « Interpersonal relations of nursing » published Hildegard E. Peplau 1952 and revolutionized the psychiatric nursing at that time. Care Scientifically relevant hypotheses had been so far installed only by Florence Nightingale, Virginia Henderson published its definition of 14 basic wants have 1955th1.2 Science Theoretical background.Peplaus operate is based on the assumptions of humanistic psychology. It was primarily based largely on Maslow (Motivation Theory), Miller (character theory), Symonds (psychoanalytic theory) and Sullivan (personality development) and utilised as their principal behavioral psychology and psychoanalytic theories to develop their specific description of nursing. At that time, put this kind of strategy in science a novelty.

Against this background set Peplau substantial observations of nursing practice at having the ability to trace back to the everyday mundane experiences of nurses with all the understanding of symbolic interactionism to basic hypotheses – a methodical strategy that we describe at present together with the notion of Grounded Theory would. Peplau presented in their theory the connection of nurse and patient at the center and thereby established the college of interaction theorists / inside.two metaparadigms of care.two.1 many people and society.Peplau sees each individual as an « organism in an unstable equilibrium lives » and « moving toward a steady equilibrium, » but he can by no means very reach. Therefore he trachte paragraph rephrase his character below continuing development. This care is aimed at a mastering method that individual towards the development of sources. In this context, 4 psychobiological experiences play a central part, and all people are the identical, namely, requires, frustration, conflict and fear. This result in tension, which attempts to reduce the individual ..

improvement possible is always to Peplau closely linked towards the social and cultural context on the individual, which should be taken into account by the care and involved. The degree of social integration on the patient is usually to be understood in close connection together with the instruction of person coping potentials and give consideration to the appropriately in planning, implementation and evaluation of care measures. On the other hand, the concentrate Peplaus theoretical considerations may be the consideration of interpersonal connection processes.2.2 health and illness.Overall health is always to Peplau a word symbol that incorporates a constructive improvement of your personality and other human processes with regards to a inventive, constructive, productive, personally and socially accepted life. Health is therefore topic to continuous dynamic modify course of action. Disease is understood in this context as an opportunity for mastering and growth to drive on their own, this constructive improvement in the character ahead.

two.3 Care.Figure not incorporated within this excerpt.Peplau sustaining itself as a « significant therapeutic, interpersonal process » in which the caregiver in the therapy method involved targets with their work in cooperation with other individuals around the promotion of an independent life with the patient in health. Here Peplau defined care as an independent profession that happen to be taught and learned have to. clarifies Peplaus definition as multi-layered and complicated may be the field of activity of nurses and what diversity demanded of it to roll them.

3 essential concepts.three.1 Psychodynamic care.Unlike mechanistic perspectives of nursing, which – involve closely applied to healthcare categorization and Typologisierungsmodellen the danger of labeling the patient Peplau considers the care and remedy procedure as a dynamic course of human interaction. Access for the patient is at a « soziopsychosomatischen » way and has the caregiver so that a much richness inside the range of tasks to than it does the mechanistic strategy. They must be considered when assessing a patient and his needs involve biological components as well as social science and psychological. In order for a holistic strategy to care is defined that requires a steady exchange of nurse and patient.The following are the important assumptions are presented such a dynamic connection course of action.